Wisconsin is vulnerable to a variety of hazards. The state has incurred hazard-related damages totaling nearly $3 billion in the last three decades. However, through mitigation activities future hazard losses can be reduced. A study by the National Institute of Building Sciences, Multihazard Mitigation Council, documented that every $1 spent on mitigation saves an average of $4 in future reduced losses. This savings increases to $5 for flood mitigation projects.
Hazard mitigation breaks the cycle of damage and repair by reducing or eliminating the long-term risk to human life and property from hazards. Effective mitigation actions can include a variety of projects and activities. For example, mitigation can include relatively simple projects such as elevating a home furnace, water heater, and air conditioner. Mitigation actions can also include larger and more complex projects such as relocating buildings out of the floodplain, strengthening critical facilities to prevent wind damage, and provide stronger shelter.