Commonly funded mitigation activities include:
This is the most permanent form of mitigation for flood risk property. The community purchases and clears the property. Thereafter the property is maintained as public open space. This process is strictly voluntary.
Measures intended to make a structure temporarily watertight (e.g. shields, watertight doors).
The physical elevation (raising) of an existing structure to the base flood elevation level or higher.
Local measures intended to lessen the frequency or severity of flooding and flood damages including stormwater, flood protection, and stabilization projects.
An interior room, a space within a building, or an entirely separate building, designed and constructed to provide near absolute life-safety protection from tornadoes and severe weather.
HMGP funding is allocated using a "sliding scale" formula based on the percentage of the funds spent on Public and Individual Assistance programs for each Presidentially-declared disaster. For States with a Standard State Mitigation Plan, the formula provides 15% of the estimated aggregate amounts of disaster assistance. States with an "Enhanced" State Mitigation Plan are eligible to receive an additional 5% or a total of 20% of the estimated aggregate amounts of disaster assistance. Wisconsin has had an “enhanced” plan since 2009.
Grant applications are submitted to WEM, which sets mitigation priorities and awards grants based on available funding and criteria as established in the State Mitigation Plan. FEMA conducts the final eligibility review to ensure that all projects are compliant with Federal regulations, including the federal law that requires states and communities to have a FEMA-approved mitigation plan in place prior to receipt of HMGP project funds. A mitigation plan must identify hazards, assess community needs, and describe a community-wide strategy for reducing risks associated with natural disasters.
In order to receive HMGP funds, the community must be participating and in good standing with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Under the terms of the program, eligible projects must be environmentally sound, cost effective, solve a problem, and prevent future disaster damages. Projects can protect either public or private property. Successful projects receive 75% federal funding with 12.5% state funding. The applicant is responsible for 12.5% of the project costs.
Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program website.
All PDM Program applicants must be participating in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) if they have been identified through the NFIP as having a Special Flood Hazard Area (a Flood Hazard Boundary Map (FHBM) or Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) has been issued). In addition, the community must not be suspended or on probation from the NFIP.
Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program website.
The Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program is a nationally competitive program through which communities can receive grants for the development of a comprehensive flood mitigation plan and the implementation of flood mitigation projects. Communities must belong to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to receive FMA funds.
The overall goal of FMA is to fund cost-effective measures that reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to NFIP-insured buildings, manufactured homes and other structures. Other goals are to: Reduce the number of repetitively or substantially damaged structures and the associated claims on the NFIP; encourage long-term, comprehensive mitigation planning; respond to the needs of communities participating in the NFIP; and complement other federal and state mitigation programs with similar goals.
There are two types of FMA grants available to subapplicants: planning grants and project grants.
The cost sharing depends on the type of properties included in the grant. Severe repetitive loss properties can receive 100% federal funds; repetitive loss 90% and all other properties 75%.
Severe repetitive loss properties are structures:
Repetitive loss properties:
Both repetitive loss properties and severe repetitive loss properties must be covered under NFIP flood insurance policies. WEM Mitigation Section staff can help you determine whether a given property is listed in the NFIP Repetitive Loss or Severe Repetitive Loss database. Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Flood Mitigation Assistance Program website.
The RFC grant program assists states and communities in reducing flood damages to insured properties that have one or more claims to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The RFC grant program can assist in the acquisition of properties, and either demolition or relocation of flood-prone structures, where the property is deed restricted for open space uses in perpetuity. The RFC grants are awarded to applicants on a nationwide basis without reference to State allocations, quotas, or other formula-based allocations. All grants are eligible for up to 100% federal assistance.
Awards will be prioritized to fund acquisitions that create the greatest amount of savings to the National Flood Insurance Fund based on a benefit-cost analysis. A FEMA-approved State/Tribal standard or enhanced hazard mitigation plan is required for eligibility; however, a local plan is not required. All properties must be insured at the time of application.
FEMA may contribute up to 100% of the total amount approved under the RFC grant award to implement an approved project, if the applicant has demonstrated that the proposed activities can not be funded under the FMA program due to lack of state or local capacity, which includes either the inability to manage the subgrant or lack of the 25% match.
For more information visit http://www.fema.gov/repetitive-flood-claims-grant-program-fact-sheet.
The Public Assistance (PA) program provides supplemental Federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, emergency protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster-damaged, publicly owned facilities of certain Private Non-Profit (PNP) organizations. The PA program also encourages protection of these damaged facilities from future events by providing assistance for hazard mitigation measures during the recovery process. This is often referred to as ‘406 Mitigation’ as it is authorized under Section 406 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act).
Section 406 provides discretionary authority to fund mitigation measures in conjunction with the repair of the disaster-damaged facilities. These opportunities usually present themselves during the repair efforts. The mitigation measures must be related to eligible disaster-related damages and must directly reduce the potential for future, similar disaster damages to the eligible facility. This work is performed on the parts of the facility that were actually damaged by the disaster and the mitigation provides protection from subsequent events. Mitigation measures must be cost-effective, technically feasible, and in compliance with statutory, regulatory and executive order requirements. In addition, the measure cannot cause a negative impact to the facility's operation, surrounding areas, or susceptibility to damage from another hazard.
Section 406 hazard mitigation funding and Section 404 Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) funding are two distinct programs that can sometimes be used together to more completely fund a hazard mitigation project and promote resilience. Section 406 mitigation funding can be used to restore parts of the facility that were actually damaged by the disaster to provide protection from subsequent events. Section 404 funding can then be used to provide future protection to the undamaged parts of the facility. Leveraging 404 and 406 funds in a concerted effort facilitates project scoping and development while extending the use of limited 404 funds.
Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Section 406 Hazard Mitigation Funding website.
FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Unified Guidance and Addendum applies to the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA).